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Manuscripts submitted to Jurnal Tribologi must be original work that has not been published or under consideration for publication elsewhere. The journal submissions must be written in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these) and should be no more than 20 pages in length inclusive of tables, figures and illustrations. All submissions will be blind peer reviewed. Each submission must include a short cover letter that clearly states the significance of the work presented in their manuscript. The abstract and conclusions section must also highlight what is new and/or novel in the paper. The example of Microsoft Word template is available to help in the preparation of the manuscript [click here].
Types of Paper
The following types of manuscripts on all topics within the scope of the journal (see separate list) are welcomed:
Full Articles, containing original research work.
Short Communications giving a complete description of a limited investigation. They should be as completely documented, both by reference to the literature and by description of the experimental procedures employed, as a full article.
Reviews, full articles describes innovative research investigation, conducted in considerable depth, with critical analysis and discussion of the results, while drawing on relevant literature in the field.
Conflict of Interest
All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.
Please submit, with the manuscript, the names, addresses and e-mail addresses of three potential referees. Note that the editor retains the sole right to decide whether or not the suggested reviewers are used.
Research Articles presents original research that is expected to present a major advancement and contribution to the body of knowledge or the particular area. Research Articles follows the format provided in the guide to authors. The content includes an abstract, an introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion and conclusion. The supplementary materials that support the paper's conclusions are welcomed.
As far as possible, manuscripts should consist of the following sections: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, and Conclusion. Each section and sub-section should be numbered using the Arabic numerals. Please use S1 Units for all scientific and laboratory data.
Subdivision - Numbered Sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.
Manuscripts should be headed by a concise title. Please include the full name(s) of the author(s), complete mailing address, telephone and fax numbers as well as e-mail address. In case of multiple authorship, please indicate the main author to whom all correspondence concerning the paper should be directed.
Author Names and Affiliations
Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
Include 3-5 highlights. There should be a maximum of
10 words per highlight.
Highlights are mandatory for this journal. They consist of a short collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article.
Include 3-5 highlights. There should be a maximum of 10 words per highlight.
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
Abstracts should not more than 200 words and written in English. The abstract should not only indicate the subject and scope of the paper but also summarize the principal results and major conclusion along with at least five (5) keywords that could be useful for information - retrieval purposes. References should be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list. Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.
A graphical abstract (5 × 13 cm) is optional and should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a wide readership online. Authors must provide images that clearly represent the work described in the article
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Methods and Protocols
Methods and Protocols are proposal of new or an overviews of recent technical and methodological developments. Articles should present a new experimental, engineering, scientific or computational method, test or procedure. The method described may either be completely new, or may offer a better version of an existing method. Methods must be proven by its validation, its application to an important research question and results illustrating its performance in comparison to existing approaches. Articles should possess thorough assessments of methodological performance and comprehensive technical descriptions that facilitate immediate application by researchers in the field.
All tables should be kept simple and clear, and should be referred to in the text. They should be numbered, titled, and typed using double spacing on separate pages in the order of which they are referred to in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters.
Caption for table is as follow:
Table 1: Experimental data for four-ball tribotester.
Illustrations including diagrams and graphs should be sharp, noise free and of good contrast. They should accompany the manuscript on separate sheets and numbered consecutively in the same order as they are referred to in the text. Line drawings should be in black ink on a white background and lettering size must be large enough to permit legible reduction whenever necessary. All photographs submitted must be of good quality and printed on glossy paper. The author’s name, short title of the paper and figure number must be written on the reverse side of each illustration submitted.
Caption for Figure is as follow:
Figure 1: Schematic sketch for the four-ball tribotester.
Mathematical Notation and Equations
All equations must be clearly typed, tripled-space and should be identified or numbered accordingly. Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
Indicate only first author’s name with year in a brackets in line with the text.
(Fadzli and Ali, 2009)
(Koay et al., 2014)
Reference to a journal publication:
Authors (last name, followed by first initial for authors), year. Paper title. Journal name, volume, page numbers.
John, S. and Fawwaz, W.N., 2013. Friction characteristic of RBD palm olein using four-ball tribotester. Jurnal Tribologi, 25, 936-940.
Reference to a conference proceeding:
Authors (last name, followed by first initial for authors), year. Paper title. Conference name, location.
Wan Nik, W.B. and Kassim, A.R., 2013. Friction characteristic of Jatropha oil. Malaysian International Tribology Conference 2013, Sabah, Malaysia.
Reference to a book:
Authors, year. Title (in italics). Edition, location, publisher, chapter or page numbers.
Gay, D. and Hao, S.V., 2007. Composite Materials Design and Application. 2nd Ed. New York: Taylor and Francis, 520-547.
A brief acknowledgment should be included at the end of the manuscripts, before the list of references. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item. Ensure that the following items are present:
(1) Cover letter
• Clearly states the significance of the work presented in the manuscript
(2) One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
• E-mail address
• Full postal address
• Phone numbers
(3) All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:
• All figures and captions
• All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
(4) Further considerations
• Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
• References are in the correct format for this journal
• All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources
• Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web
Copyrights Transfer Form
If article has been accepted for publications, corresponding author must sign a Copyright Transfer Agreement Form and send the signed form, in electronic format, to the Editor. This enable us (The Journal) to have the rights to the paper in order to ensure copyright protection against infringerment, and to disseminate your article, and our journal, as wide as possible.