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Volume 12, March 2017, Pages 38-47
Influence of calcination temperatures on structure and magnetic properties of calcium ferrite nanoparticles synthesized via sol-gel method
N.H. Sulaimana, B.Y. Majlisb, J. Yunasb, M. Razalia,ca,
a Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia,
43600 Bangi, Malaysia
b Institute of Microengineering and Nanoelectronics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Malaysia
c Department of Management Office, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Malaysia
Calcium ferrite (CaFe2O4) nanoparticles using calcium nitrate and ferric nitrate as starting materials, and supplemented with citric acid as chelating agent was carried out. This mixture was synthesized through a sol-gel method and then calcined at 550 °C, 650 °C, and 750 °C. The effects of calcination temperatures on the crystalline structure, the surface morphology and the magnetic properties of CaFe2O4 NPs were observed. The orthorhombic structure of calcium ferrite NPS was analysed through an X-ray diffraction. The size of calcined samples at 550 °C, 650 °C, 750 °C were (13.59 nm), (18.9 nm), and (46.12 nm), respectively. Magnetic analysis was measured by using a vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The magnetic saturation (Ms) of samples calcined at 550 °C was found to possess the highest value of magnetic property; 80.33 emu/g.
Magnetic nanoparticles; Ferrite; Sol-gel method
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